Pimenta dioica, alseis yucatanensis, Vitex gaumeri, Chlorophora tinctoria, Talisia olivaeformis, Exothea diphylla, Sabal morrisiana, Sickingia salvadorensis and Sideroxylon gaumeri etc.
The trees of this community have many epiphytes such as ferns, mosses, orchids, bromeliads and lianas. In the lower and medium vegetation layer up to 22 meters, we can find the palm species and others such as Sapidum saponaria, Manilkara sapota, Metopium brownei, Ficus spp., Swartzia cubensis, Sabal bonus, Opsiandra maya and Thrinax radiata among others.
Mexico is considered one of the most biodiverse countries in the world, along with Brazil, Colombia and Indonesia. It has the highest range in diversity of reptiles, second in mammals (the largest number of bats in this category), fourth in amphibians and vascular plants, and tenth in birds. Statistically speaking, this geographical area has 10% of the world’s species.
Some of the most beautiful and magnificent creatures on this continent are in the Mayan jungle. Some of them look as if they had come out of a fairy tale because of their strange physical characteristics and shy behavior, rarely seen but, we know they are there, as is the case of the tepezcuintle (Agouti paca). The Yucatan Peninsula has more than 125 species of mammals.